Gender Mainstreaming in Rural Transport: An Analysis of Policies, Practices, Impacts and Monitoring Processes

IFRTD has complemented implementing a Research for Community Access Partnership (ReCAP) funded project titled Scaling up of gender mainstreaming in rural transport through the analysis of policies, practices, impacts and monitoring processes.
The project reviewed some of the past and ongoing policies and practices on gender mainstreaming in rural transport programmes with a view of distilling the key lessons and identifying opportunities for scaling up good practice. The research was based on comparative, networked case studies of past and ongoing rural transport programmes in Ghana and Uganda (the primary case study countries) supplemented by limited desk studies from Kenya and Tanzania.   It was undertaken in recognition that there still exist substantial gaps in knowledge, policy and practice in respect of sustainably mainstreaming gender equity interventions in rural transport and access programmes.
The case studies were based on the following rural transport programmes:

  • Ghana: World Bank funded Second Transport Rehabilitation Project (TRPII 1991-1997)
  • Uganda: Danida funded Road Sector Programme Support Phases 1 and 2 (1999-2002, 2003-2007) and the Rural Roads Programme (2008-2010)
  • Tanzania: Village Travel and Transport Programme (1995-2004) and Local Government Transport Programme (2008-ongoing)
  • Kenya: Government of Kenya and Government of France funded Roads 2000 Programme Central Province: Phases 1 and 2 (2007-2011, 2013-2017)

The case studies analysed transport sector policies, legislation, regulations and programmes in order to generate key learning around good and promising gender mainstreaming practices for possible up-scaling. This paper reflects on the experiences of women in rural areas in the context of the dominance of patriarchal traditions and practices, that are still manifest in development programmes such as transport that are intended to be transformative. 
We are pleased to present the following resources from the research:

  • Analytical Background and Methodology Document
  • Ghana Case Study;
  • Uganda Case Study;
  • Kenya Case Study;
  • Tanzania Case Study;
  • A synthesis Report;
  • A policy Brief

Download Gender Mainstreaming IFRTD Policy Brief

Download IFRTD 2016 Gender Mainstreaming Analytical Background Methodology



Contact Person: Peter Njenga
Position: Executive Director and Coordinator East and Southern Africa
Tel/Fax: +254 (20) 883323
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